PSYC 4155 UCB Psychology Question

Description

Hi this is for a psychology class called Neuron Psychology, the goal of this paper is to write a paper that answers the question in the instruction below which the hypothesis that we chose also included. I also have the Introduction draft which I started and got feedback on a pdf which I will attach here, which needs to be revised for today based the feedbacks on pdf which I’ll tip for just the revision of the introduction to be revised for today at 11:00 pm but the whole written paper will be  3 days time. I have also all the sources cited here no need to use other sources beyond what’s listed here under the source section. The whole paper will be between 2000-3000 words double spaced no more than 3000 and no less than 2000 words.
Sources to be used 6 total
Fadlallah, B. H., Seth, S., Keil, A., & Principe, J. C. (2012). Analyzing dependence structure of the human brain in response to visual stimuli. 2012 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 2012 IEEE International Conference On, 745–748. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICASSP.2012.6287991
Ramponi, C., Barnard, P. J., Kherif, F., & Henson, R. N. (2011). Voluntary Explicit versus Involuntary Conceptual Memory Are Associated with Dissociable fMRI Responses in Hippocampus, Amygdala, and Parietal Cortex for Emotional and Neutral Word Pairs. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(8), 1935–1951. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn.2010.21565
Cameron, K. A., Yashar, S., Wilson, C. L., & Fried, I. (2001). Human Hippocampal Neurons Predict How Well Word Pairs Will Be Remembered. Neuron, 30(1), 289–298. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0896-6273(01)00280-X
Herbert, C., Ethofer, T., Anders, S., Junghofer, M., Wildgruber, D., Grodd, W., & Kissler, J. (2008). Amygdala activation during reading of emotional adjectives—an advantage for pleasant content. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 4(1), 35–49. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsn027
Song, Z., Jeneson, A., & Squire, L. R. (2011). Medial temporal lobe function and recognition memory: a novel approach to separating the contribution of recollection and familiarity. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(44), 16026-16032. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3227550/
Martín-Buro, M. C., Wimber, M., Henson, R. N., & Staresina, B. P. (2020). Alpha rhythms reveal when and where items and associative memories are retrieved. Journal of Neuroscience, 40(12), 2510-2518. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083536/
Instruction by the Instructor
fMRI Paper
The primary question to be addressed in the paper is: How does the brain response differ when encoding word pairs compared to face-occupation pairs? 
Draw upon previous research to answer this question.
General Requirements
Strictly adhere to APA 7 formatting guidelines for all components of your paper.
Include Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results (but include figures within the results section, rather than at the end), Discussion, and References. 
2000-3000 word limit, not including title, abstract, references, and figure captions.
Submit .pdf, .doc, or .docx files to Canvas.
Students working alone need a minimum of 3 articles. Students working in pairs need a minimum of 6 articles.
Though there are minimum requirements for the number of papers cited, hitting the minimum does not equate to full points if your hypotheses (intro) and interpretation (discussion) are not well supported. In other words, you should include most of your papers in your introduction, and revisit them in the discussion rather than using completely separate papers in each.
Introduction, Method, & References
Revise each of these sections based on the grading feedback that you received on previous submissions from your TA.
Make sure to address every point of feedback that you received from your TA on your submissions for Labs 7 & 8.
Results
In the results you must indicate the relevant locations that were significantly active for each task. 
Your hypotheses must be clearly linked to the effects observed (how the brain data for the two tasks differ). 

For each task (faces-occupation and word pairs) you know where the encoding condition was significantly different from the control condition, however you do not have statistics about when the two tasks differed from each other. You must still report these differences, but you will not have a statistical statement for those results (just a qualitative difference statement). You will find the results for each task the same way you did in the in-lab exercise. You will want to use the level of analysis given in #7 of the in-lab exercise.

You should have a (qualitative) results statement for each hypothesis you made.

You may also include further post-hoc analyses based on questions that were (or became) interesting but did not answer your original hypothesis.

You will need to include figures representing both tasks and, at least, 2 brain regions from your hypothesis. Further, you will need to represent both hemispheres in your figures, as this must be taken into consideration in your hypotheses, results, and discussion.
Do not offer interpretation in this section. Only state your results and point to figures.

Discussion

The contents of all other sections of the paper should be synthesized in your discussion.

Interpret your results and discuss the implications your research has for the field and the world at large.
Bring back papers from the introduction in your discussion, to help interpret your results in light of theory/past research in the field. 
Restating the hypothesis, and include a clear statement about whether the hypothesis was supported, or whether the results failed to support the hypothesis. 
Keep in mind that you aren’t ‘proving’ anything.
Include a discussion of how the differences/similarities between the two tasks are linked to differences/similarities seen in the brain – i.e., structures in the brain.

Include a discussion of what cognitive processes may be involved in both tasks, and which may be uniquely involved in one or the other
Make sure to explain how the results do or do not fit with prior literature. This ties into the 2 bullet points above.

Draw upon at least 5 prior papers per group member, each referenced in your paper. Do not include any entries in your References list or papers that are not included in at least one internal citation, and do not include any internal citations for sources that are not included in your Reference list.
As noted above, you can (and should) cite at least some papers more than once.

Discuss limitations associated with this study.
Discuss future directions associated with these results and possibly prior literature

Include an overall conclusion statement.
Paper format and some detail
Introduction

Method

  Results

Discussion

Reference

RubricHypothesis 1: There will be increased activity in the right hemisphere amygdala when
processing face-occupation recognition pairs rather than word pairs recognition.
Hypothesis 2: There will be a greater activation in the left hemisphere hippocampus when
processing word pairs, and less activation when processing face-occupation pairs
One of the most important aspects of human life is memory, and being able to use
memory to encode further information that can be used to increase accuracy of interpretations
of the world at a faster rate. Being able to gain insight into the processes of how different kinds
of information is encoded and recalled in the brain could be crucial for applying potential
interventions and finding sources of focus to improve memory. Language and other human
faces are two of the most common kinds of stimuli a person must experience to function in
society, meaning the function behind encoding these is a crucial piece of the puzzle. However,
the understanding of the different mechanisms behind these two kinds of stimuli is not deeply
understood. In this paper, we will examine the differences in brain region activation during the
encoding of word-word pairs of stimuli and face-occupation forms of stimuli. The two brain
regions we focus on in this paper include the amygdala and the hippocampus.
Previous literature has found many different influences on brain region activity
depending on the sort of stimuli. The differences between the amygdala and hippocampus have
been explored and many results work to show that there are differences in activation depending
on the stimuli. Fadlallah et al. have supported that the function and activation of the amygdala is
increased in cases where people are exposed to facial visual stimuli. This finding supports the
idea that there is a potential correlation between the encoding of faces and amygdala activation.
Research conducted by Ramponi et al. have found the impact of the hippocampus seems to be
more influential when the stimuli is related to word pairs that are semantically related. Further
research related to these two brain regions found that there is a comparatively higher activation
of the hippocampus for memory retrieval of word stimuli, and the amygdala has relatively same
levels of activation between memory retrieval and encoding. All past research has created an
understanding that there is a difference in function between these two regions, and that the
potential differences may be dependent on the kind of stimuli. To add further insight to this
understanding, we will be discussing the specific differences in activation across each
hemisphere for each candidate brain region for word stimuli pairs and face-occupation pairs.
We hypothesized that there will be increased activity in the right hemisphere amygdala
when processing face-occupation recognition pairs rather than word pairs recognition and there
will be a greater activation in the left hemisphere hippocampus when processing word pairs, and
less activation when processing face-occupation pairs. Finally we will further investigate
whether these parts of the brain have any connection or have similar activation patterns when it
comes to word and face recognition patterns, investigating the pattern is very important to
determine if there is a specific reasoning that is unique to that specific brain part or is it
something that have a connection with other part of the brain that should happen
simultaneously.

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