primary source

I’m working on a history question and need the explanation and answer to help me learn.

papal imagesImage A-B

Click to view larger image. Image C-D

Click to view larger image.
Pope Alexander VI as pontiff.
Pope Alexander VI as a devil.
The seven-headed papal beast.
The seven-headed Martin Luther.
The printing press has been credited with helping to spread the teachings of Martin Luther and thus securing the success of the Protestant Reformation. But even before Luther’s critiques were published, reformers were using the new technology to disseminate images that attacked the corruption of the Church. After Luther rose to prominence, both his supporters and detractors vied to disseminate propaganda that appealed visually to a lay audience and can be understood even by those who could not read.
The first pair of images below is really a single printed artifact dated to around 1500, an early example of a “pop-up” card. It shows Pope Alexander VI (r. 1492-1503) as a stately pontiff (image A) whose true identity is concealed by a flap, but when the flap is raised, he is revealed as a devil (image B). The Latin texts read: “Alexander VI, pontifex maximus” and “I am the pope,” respectively.
The other two examples represent both sides of the debate as it had developed by 1530, and they do so with reference to the same image: the sevenheaded beast mentioned in the Book of Revelation. Image C, a Lutheran engraving, shows the papacy as the beast with seven heads, representing seven orders of Catholic clergy. The sign on the cross (referring to the sign hung over the head of the crucified Christ) is in German, and reads: “For money, a sack full of indulgences”; the Latin words on either side say “Reign of the Devil.” By contrast, image D, a Catholic engraving produced in Germany, shows Luther as Revelation’s beast, with its seven heads labeled: “Doctor-Martin-Luther-Heretic-Hypocrite-Fanatic-Barabbas,” the last alluding to the thief who should have been executed instead of Jesus, according to the Gospels.
Questions for Analysis
Image A-B are from around 1500, about 17 years prior to the beginning of the Reformation. Who were these images for and where do you think they would be most successful in terms of propaganda? Consider political cartoons or memes now. Can looking back at popular imagery like those items truly reflect on the realities of the time or could the possibly represent a marginal critique? Consider this in the images form 1500 and images you see on the internet now.
Looks at images C-D. They are roughly the same image used from two opposing sides of an argument about religiosity, corruption and control. What do you think about the use of the same image to throw shade at their enemies? Consider that one is at an altar while the attack being made on Martin Luther is that he is reading a book. What can this tell us about how the Catholic church viewed education, or at least, the ability to self-educate?
After the Reformation, literacy was higher than any time in European history. Some of these images predate that and some come in the decades after. Do these images stand on their own without an accompanying text? Would people from that time understand what these images meant to tell them, even if they were illiterate?

We offer the bestcustom writing paper services. We have done this question before, we can also do it for you.

Why Choose Us

  • 100% non-plagiarized Papers
  • 24/7 /365 Service Available
  • Affordable Prices
  • Any Paper, Urgency, and Subject
  • Will complete your papers in 6 hours
  • On-time Delivery
  • Money-back and Privacy guarantees
  • Unlimited Amendments upon request
  • Satisfaction guarantee

How it Works

  • Click on the “Place Order” tab at the top menu or “Order Now” icon at the bottom and a new page will appear with an order form to be filled.
  • Fill in your paper’s requirements in the "PAPER DETAILS" section.
  • Fill in your paper’s academic level, deadline, and the required number of pages from the drop-down menus.
  • Click “CREATE ACCOUNT & SIGN IN” to enter your registration details and get an account with us for record-keeping and then, click on “PROCEED TO CHECKOUT” at the bottom of the page.
  • From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it.