PHC 311 SEU Healthcare System in The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Discussion

Description

1 st
discussion 1

The healthcare system in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is financed through a combination of public and private funding sources. The government is the primary funder of healthcare services, with the Ministry of Health (MOH) responsible for the majority of healthcare provision in the country. In addition to the MOH, there are other government agencies that provide healthcare services, such as the Ministry of Defense and Aviation, the Ministry of Interior, and the Ministry of National Guard. (Al-Hanawi, M. K. 2018, February)
The government finances healthcare through several mechanisms, including general revenue funds, allocations from the budget, and zakat (an Islamic tax on wealth). In recent years, there has been a push to increase the role of private sector financing in healthcare, with the government offering incentives to encourage private investment in the sector.
Private healthcare financing in Saudi Arabia includes both out-of-pocket payments and insurance coverage. The Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority (SAMA) regulates the insurance industry in the country, and there are several private insurance companies that offer health insurance plans to individuals and employers. (Al-Hanawi, M. K. 2018, February)
In addition to public and private financing, there are also charitable organizations that provide healthcare services in the country. One example is the King Abdulaziz Foundation for Research and Archives, which provides healthcare services to the elderly and disabled.
References:
The privatization of health care system in Saudi Arabia. (n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2023, from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1178…
Al-Hanawi, M. K. (2018, February). Healthcare Finance in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A qualitative study of householders’ attitudes. Applied health economics and health policy. Retrieved April 2, 2023, from https://www.ncbi.nim.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC57972…
The Healthcare System in Saudi Arabia. Expatica Saudi Arabia. (2023, March 28). Retrieved April 2, 2023, from hitps://www.expatica.com/sa/healthcare/healthcare-basics/h…

2 nd
The health care system in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is based on the comprehensive health insurance system, which is a system that includes all citizens and residents in the Kingdom. This system is funded through the state’s general budget and through the contributions of citizens and residents.
Health care financial revenues in Saudi Arabia are broken down as follows: (Al-Sharqi, O., & Al-Gain, S. 2019)

???Government funding: It comes from the state’s general budget and is allocated to finance health services provided through government hospitals and clinics. Examples include the Ministry of Health, King Faisal Specialist Hospital, and others.
???Private financing: It comes from the contributions of citizens and residents in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and these contributions are collected through health fees and compulsory and voluntary health insurance. Examples include the Comprehensive Health Insurance Program (Al Ihsan) and the Arab Cooperative Insurance Company.
???External funding: It comes from donations, grants, and financial assistance provided by associations, organizations, and international bodies, and is used to finance government health programs and projects. An example of this is the maternal and child health project funded by the World Bank.

After dividing the financial revenues, they are distributed to the various health institutions according to the services provided and the health needs of the community. The use of these funds is monitored and monitored by the competent authorities in the goverment to ensure the improvement of the quality of health services and the provision of health care for all. Thus, citizens and residents in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia can obtain free or reduced health services, in accordance with the controls and procedures followed in the health system. (Almutairi, A
F., Gardner, G. E., & McCarthy, A. 2016)
References:
Al-Shargi, O., & Al-Gain, S. (2019). Healthcare financing in Saudi Arabia: Towards Universal Health Coverage. International Journal of Health Planning and Management, 34(4), 1438-1450.
Almutairi, A. F., Gardner, G. E., & McCarthy, A. (2016). Perceptions of nursing practice in Saudi Arabia. Journal of nursing management, 24(5), E53-E60.

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